Autofill created_at and updated_at in golang struct while pushing into mongodb

Issue

type User struct {
    ID           primitive.ObjectID `bson:"_id,omitempty"`
    CreatedAt    time.Time          `bson:"created_at"`
    UpdatedAt    time.Time          `bson:"updated_at"`
    Name         string             `bson:"name"`
}

user := User{Name: "username"}

client.Database("db").Collection("collection").InsertOne(context.Background(), user)

How to use automated created_at and updated_at in the above code with mongodb(mongodb driver only) in golang? Currently it will set zero time(0001-01-01T00:00:00.000+00:00) for created_at and updated_at.

Solution

The MongoDB server does not support this.

You may implement a custom marshaler in which you may update these fields to your liking. Implement bson.Marshaler, and your MarshalBSON() function will be called when you save values of your *User type.

This is how it would look like:

func (u *User) MarshalBSON() ([]byte, error) {
    if u.CreatedAt.IsZero() {
        u.CreatedAt = time.Now()
    }
    u.UpdatedAt = time.Now()
    
    type my User
    return bson.Marshal((*my)(u))
}

Note the method has pointer receiver, so use a pointer to your value:

user := &User{Name: "username"}


c := client.Database("db").Collection("collection")
if _, err := c.InsertOne(context.Background(), user); err != nil {
    // handle error
}

The purpose of the my type is to avoid stack overflow.

Answered By – icza

Answer Checked By – Clifford M. (GoLangFix Volunteer)

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