convert interface{} to certain type

Issue

I am developing web service that will receive JSON. Go converts types too strict.

So I did following function to convert interface{} in bool

func toBool(i1 interface{}) bool {
    if i1 == nil {
        return false
    }
    switch i2 := i1.(type) {
    default:
        return false
    case bool:
        return i2
    case string:
        return i2 == "true"
    case int:
        return i2 != 0
    case *bool:
        if i2 == nil {
            return false
        }
        return *i2
    case *string:
        if i2 == nil {
            return false
        }
        return *i2 == "true"
    case *int:
        if i2 == nil {
            return false
        }
        return *i2 != 0
    }
    return false
}

I believe that function is still not perfect and I need functions to convert interface{} in string, int, int64, etc

So my question: Is there library (set of functions) in Go that will convert interface{} to certain types

UPDATE

My web service receive JSON. I decode it in map[string]interface{} I do not have control on those who encode it.

So all values I receive are interface{} and I need way to cast it in certain types.

So it could be nil, int, float64, string, [...], {...} and I wish to cast it to what it should be. e.g. int, float64, string, []string, map[string]string with handling of all possible cases including nil, wrong values, etc

UPDATE2

I receive {"s": "wow", "x":123,"y":true}, {"s": 123, "x":"123","y":"true"}, {a:["a123", "a234"]}, {}

var m1 map[string]interface{}
json.Unmarshal(b, &m1)
s := toString(m1["s"])
x := toInt(m1["x"])
y := toBool(m1["y"])
arr := toStringArray(m1["a"])

Solution

objx package makes exactly what you want, it can work directly with JSON, and will give you default values and other cool features:

Objx provides the objx.Map type, which is a map[string]interface{}
that exposes a powerful Get method (among others) that allows you to
easily and quickly get access to data within the map, without having
to worry too much about type assertions, missing data, default values
etc.

This is a small example of the usage:

o := objx.New(m1) 
s := o.Get("m1").Str() 
x := o.Get("x").Int() 
y := o.Get("y").Bool()

arr := objx.New(m1["a"])

A example from doc working with JSON:

// use MustFromJSON to make an objx.Map from some JSON
m := objx.MustFromJSON(`{"name": "Mat", "age": 30}`)

// get the details
name := m.Get("name").Str()
age := m.Get("age").Int()

// get their nickname (or use their name if they
// don't have one)
nickname := m.Get("nickname").Str(name)

Obviously you can use something like this with the plain runtime:

switch record[field].(type) {
case int:
    value = record[field].(int)
case float64:
    value = record[field].(float64)
case string:
    value = record[field].(string)
}

But if you check objx accessors you can see a complex code similar to this but with many case of usages, so i think that the best solution is use objx library.

Answered By – mcuadros

Answer Checked By – Cary Denson (GoLangFix Admin)

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