Multiple modules within the same project

Issue

I’ve been playing with Go modules and I was wondering what the best practice is in terms of the following directory structure:

project
├── go.mod
├── main.go
└── players
    ├── go.mod
    ├── players.go
    └── players_test.go

I was having problems importing the players package into my root project at first, but I noticed I could do this in the root go.mod file

module github.com/<name>/<project>

require (
    github.com/<name>/players v0.0.0
)

replace github.com/<name>/players => ./players

This then allows me to do import "github.com/<name>/players" in my main.go file.

Now this approach works and was taken from here but I’m not sure if that’s the correct approach for this or whether this approach is just meant for updating a local package temporarily while it’s outside version control.

Another option, that seems a little overkill, is to make every module its own repository?

TL;DR; – What’s the best practice approach to having multiple modules within the same repository and importing them in in other modules / a root main.go file?

Solution

In general a module should be a collection of packages.

But still you can create modules of single packages. As Volker said, this might only make sense, if you want these packages to have a different lifecycle. It could also make sense, when you want to import these modules from another project and don’t want the overhead of the whole collection of packages.

In General:

A module is a collection of related Go packages that are versioned together as a single unit.

Modules record precise dependency requirements and create reproducible builds.

Most often, a version control repository contains exactly one module defined in the repository root. (Multiple modules are supported in a single repository, but typically that would result in more work on an on-going basis than a single module per repository).

Summarizing the relationship between repositories, modules, and packages:

  1. A repository contains one or more Go modules.
    2. Each module contains one or more Go packages.
    3. Each package consists of one or more Go source files in a single directory.

Source of the Quote: https://github.com/golang/go/wiki/Modules#modules

To answer the question:

You can do it the way you have shown in your approach

Answered By – Tobias Theel

Answer Checked By – David Goodson (GoLangFix Volunteer)

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